Sunderland Association Football Club was founded in 1879, originally as Sunderland and District Teachers. The club is nicknamed the Black Cats.
Sunderland’s colours are red and white. Traditionally, their home kit features these colours in vertical stripes. The club’s crest features two black lions (black cats) and has the club’s motto, Consectatio Excellentiae (In Pursuit of Excellence), written above it.
Sunderland play their football at the 49,000-seater Stadium of Light, which has been their home since 1997. The club has a strong rivalry with Newcastle United. The two contest one of the Premier League’s biggest derbies, the Tyne-Wear derby.
The club have won the top tier of English football on six occasions, although not since the 1935-36 season. Sunderland also have two FA Cup titles to their name. In 2014 the club finished runners-up in the League Cup for the second time in their history.
The club has yo-yoed up and down between the top two tiers of English football throughout its history. The club first gained promotion into the Premier League for the 1996-97 season, but was relegated that year. Sunderland made it back into the Premier League for the fifth time after winning the 2006-07 Championship. The club’s highest Premier League finish is 7th, which they achieved in the 1999-2000 and 2000-01 seasons.
Jimmy Montgomery holds the record for the most appearances for the club, playing 627 matches. The club’s all-time leading goalscorer is Bobby Gurney, who scored 228 goals in 390 appearances for the club. Notable former players include Kevin Phillips, Darren Bent and Asamoah Gyan. Current Newcastle player Jack Colback was a graduate of the club’s academy.